Saturday, May 23, 2020

Board Meeting Essay - 1082 Words

I attended the Special Master Hearing in Miami Lakes briefly, however, it appeared that the meeting had been canceled because no one was there. Instead, I decided to write a report on the Planning and Zoning Board Meeting which was held at Miami Lakes on October 24th. This would be the second board meeting I had viewed, in the past, I was required to observe a meeting in public meeting in Miami. At that time I choose to observe a committee meeting by Economic Development and Tourism Committee which was held by the Board of County Commissioners. I was expecting this committee meeting would be similar in terms of discussions of economic projections and zone development. While observing the Planning and Zoning Board Meeting, I was quite†¦show more content†¦During Ruben presentation, he submitted an architectural plan that included photos as well. The committee was quick to state that additional information was submitted in order for it to be placed on the records. This was quite interesting considering that I have not fully emerged in the field of public service, so seeing committee members instinct response to have the information added to the records it help provide me the understanding that it is crucial to be as clear and transparent not only for the sake of their position on the committee but for actual consideration for the general public. In addition, the committee member, Raul De La Sierra, commented on Rubin plans and stated that several neighbors of his pools encroached the tie line. Many of the committee members agreed with Ruben request, however, it was committee member Ameli Padron-Fragetta that reminded committee members that they should remain consistent with their previous promise with the homeowners Miami Lakes suggesting that Ruben plans should also be denied due to previous applicants being denied. Because of this remark there appeared to be hostility between committee member Jeffrey Rodriquez (who was in favor of the applicant Ruben) and Ameli Padron. Now, this was surprising to see because I have not witnessed clear disagreements between members of the board or a committee. Despite Ameli disagreement with the second applicantShow MoreRelatedThe Strategic Plan For Stakeholders822 Words   |  4 Pagesinformation should be disseminated using top down, bottom up, and horizontal methods (p. 389). This essay discusses the use of a structured process to communicate the strategic plan to stakeholders. Once the strategy is developed and refined, it must be officially launched to all those who have an interest in its success, both, internal and external stakeholders. First, identify the stakeholder groups: board of directors, the medical staff, frontline employees, and the community. Recognize the complexityRead MoreThe Rules and Principles of Corporate Governance Essay913 Words   |  4 Pagessignificant ones among various issues that necessitate a good corporate governance practice; as such in the rest of the essay focuses on providing solutions for these issues. There are many different solutions (or elements as referred to in the topic) for the above mentioned issues of which, in the eye of the writer, the most important ones are: (a) family governance, (b) board of directors and (c) going public. (a) Family governance: To avoid such a disaster, IFC Family Business Governance HandbookRead MoreRanking the Key Principles of Corporate Governance1579 Words   |  7 PagesThis essay will present an opinion on ranking of the key principles of corporate governance. The topic will be covered from the perspective of Australian listed companies, which are subject to regulation by the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX). The ASX Corporate Governance Council defines corporate governance as â€Å"the framework of rules, relationships, systems and processes within and by which authority is exercised and controlled in corporations† (ASX 2007 p3). The latest ASX Corporate GovernanceRead More Ineffective N.A.A.C.P. in James Baldwins Down at the Cross Essay1689 Words   |  7 Pagesscrutinize the efforts of the N.A.A.C.P., and claim that it is nothing more than a figurehead organization that doesn’t actually advance the African-American people. This seems to be the sentiment shared in the essay, â€Å"Down at the Cross,† by James Baldwin. Although mentioned only briefly in the essay, Baldwin conveys a sense of discouragement towards the N.A.A.C.P., and that there work doesn’t do much good because of their lethargy in the courtroom. (Baldwin, 320) Baldwin asserts that by the time theRead MoreCognitive And Support The Sensory Experience Essay1680 Words   |  7 Pageswith a ti meline which explains the flowchart in more depth and has dates of when the actions are going to take place. First of all, staff members will be called for a staff meeting and discussion on the project, this will give staff opportunities to express their views and discuss any ideas they have. During the staff meeting, a budget plan is decided of  £1500, with a list of equipment which will be bought and installed in the sensory room, this is available in appendix three. As this is a multi-sensoryRead MoreAn Interview On Children With Disabilities1666 Words   |  7 Pagesleast-restrictive-environment† (Lecture 1, 2010). The act requires states to set up methodology guaranteeing that children with disabilities are taught properly and comparatively with children who don t have disabilities (Lecture 1, 2010). This essay will cover interview questions and answers from Mrs. Pope, legal cases and decisions that may have affected LRE and the school district, and parent involvement . Least restrictive environment involves having special education students in the generalRead MoreMy Writing Skills And The Way I Develop My Career948 Words   |  4 PagesFinal Reflection Essay Throughout this semester, I have seen an improvement in my writing skills and the way I develop my essays. I have always had a passion for creative writing, but when writing academic papers, I lacked technique and correct grammar. I made exceptional grades on my writing assignments in high school, but I learned quickly that English college classes are much more challenging. Being in my first college English class helped me learn how important class attendance and participationRead MoreThe Advantages of Having Good Communication Skill1614 Words   |  7 PagesCommunications   Reflective   Essay       Communication is undoubtedly one of the most important skills to hone. Being able to communicate effectively and clearly in your own environment and comfort zone may seem challenging enough, but it increases exponentially in a different culture. Globalization is unavoidable in this day and age, and therefore being able to communicate in the face of cultural diversity is more important than ever. There are two parts of communication that holdRead MoreApplication Of Corporate Governance Principles For Corporate Failure1154 Words   |  5 Pagesapplied to all ASX listed entities. The application of the principle, in the council’s view, will bring a good governance outcomes (Council, 2014, p. 3). In practical, the different application of the principle can lead to different outcomes. In my essay, three better applications will be recommended to prevent the failure of One.Tel, a group of Australian based telecommunications companies. Background and analysis the process of collapse One.Tel began operations in May 1995. At first, it made moneyRead MorePlanning Commission For The District Plan1736 Words   |  7 Pagesvariable† (Guide). BID Management The BID is governed by a Board of Directors which hires the management, and generally for smaller BIDs the only management team member is the Executive Director, who administers the BID on a day-to-day basis. The Board is comprised of different class of directors. New York General Municipal Law Article 19-A  § 980-n states that: Where a cooperative district management association is established, the board of directors of such district management association shall

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Faith and the Hijab Essay examples - 1707 Words

I started this quest upon signing up for the class that I really wanted to learn more about Islam and its followers. I have always felt that there has always been a misconception about the religion and the people. For me, I feel like I have been very ignorant to many things in connection to Islam. One of the things that had always struck out to me from the religion was why women wore head coverings. I found it not the oddest thing but most certainly I never quite understood. So when we had a chance to research something that pertained to Islam I thought that that would be the best thing for me research about. Since I never really understood why women would wear head coverings, for the longest time I thought that it wasn’t a voluntary†¦show more content†¦That they should be known (as such) and not molested, and Allah is oft-forgiving most merciful. (Quran 33:59) The hijab is to be a sign of the religious beliefs so that everyone one will know what they are. Also was made to protect the women from men that can look at them with lust and desire. By hiding the body only the husband was able to see his wife’s beauty. It deemphasized the beauty of women and made their personality the focus not beauty. Say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty; that they should not display their beauty and ornaments. Except what must ordinarily appear thereof. (Quran: 24.31) Only a women’s immediate male family members were are able to see her without her hijab. Women are to be covered in the presence of males outside of her immediate family. In some instances women did not need to be covered in the presence of other women. Views on wearing the Hijab I had that chance to ask two of my co-workers a couple of questions about the hijab. Alma wears the hijab and Alex does not. I was kind of confused when I found out that it was written in the Quran to wear the hijab and saw that many Muslim women did not wear the hijab. According to Alma the reason that she wears her head scarf is because it is a commandment from god, and to not wear it would be â€Å"a great displeasure† to herShow MoreRelatedUnveiling The Hijabist When Faith Meets Fashion1660 Words   |  7 PagesUnveiling The Hijabista: When Faith Meets Fashion 0.0 Introduction The Merriam-Webster dictionary (2015) defines hijab as the ‘traditional covering for the hair and neck that is worn by Muslim women’. According to the Qur’an (24:31), this word refers to ‘†¦ to wrap their covering over their chests†¦Ã¢â‚¬â„¢, which points to the modest sartorial style of Muslim women in general. It is important to note that Muslim women in hijab are constantly displayed in both everyday life and various media platforms.Read MoreBeing a Muslim girl in America1079 Words   |  5 Pages Being a Bengali Muslim girl I am a Muslim girl who chose to cover. I chose to wear my hijab as a sign of my renewed faith and my commitment to my creator. I chose this path for myself despite opposition from various members of my community as well as my own family. My family and I are part of a very tight-knit Bengali community. The Bengali community consists of people who were born in Bangladesh and migrated to the states in the hopes of acquiring a better future for their children. I amRead MoreThe Importance of the Sikh Turban and Muslim Hijab1123 Words   |  4 PagesThe Importance of the Sikh Turban and Muslim Hijab We live in a world where conflicts between religions have existed since the beginning of time. There are many issues worldwide based on religious differences, such as the conflict between Israel and Iran which is based on Judaism and Islam or the issue of India and Pakistan both possessing nuclear weapons over the conflict between Hinduism and Islam. These issues exist in all religions, in all regions of the world. People argue constantly aboutRead MoreHow do Muslim Families Transfer their Ethics and Values to Future Generations?661 Words   |  3 Pagesthrough teachings in the home. It is the responsibility of parents to teach the children the values and ethics of the Islamic religion. If the guardian passes away it then becomes the extended familys obligation to teach the children the Islamic faith. It is the father’s role in the family to be the source of revenue and ensure the perpetuation of the religion within the family. The duty of a mother is to educate the child ren and raise them in the ways of Allah. In the Hadith is says, As a muslimRead MoreThe Islamic Practice Of The Hijab1665 Words   |  7 PagesFor my ethnography project I chose to focus on the Islamic practice, of observing the Hijab. For the purpose of this paper I will refer to the scarf as â€Å"Hijab† which is the proper Arabic term. In this paper, I argue that hijab is a multifaceted ritualized action that has several different functions: It’s a symbol of piety for both the one who wears it and those who see her, an expression of modesty, a part of Muslim identity, liberation from mass media concepts of beauty and it can even be an argumentRead MoreQuote:. â€Å"Muslims Often Argue That Muhammad’S Marriages1296 Words   |  6 PagesMuhammad’s marriages after Khadijah were contracted not for pleasure, but for practical reasons, to confirm alliances and to give unprotected women, such as widows, a home† (Anderson and Young 220). Question: My question in regards to the Islamic faith is in relation to the conservative and liberal views that females had, focusing on the words of the Quran: â€Å"Yet the force of the idea that Islam improved the position of women depends on the attitude believers bring to the text† (Anderson and YoungRead MoreMuslim And Non Muslim Women1425 Words   |  6 Pagesladies trust that God has instructed them to monitor their modesty and wear the hijab with poise and self-regard, where they are satisfied to be recognized as perfect and virtuous Muslim ladies, however, there are various Muslim and non-Muslim both are think about that whether the wearing of Hijab, Naqab and Burqa is a Muslim women identity, are they truly essential for them and the misconception of wearing these outfit. Hijab may appear like a simple head cover worn by Muslim ladies for a long timeRead MoreHate Crimes1203 Words   |  5 Pagesrising every year and as the number rises so does the number of hate crimes, especially against people that represent their faith through articles of clothing. The views on these articles of clothing are split between every individual, everyone has different opinions about them. There is a lack of knowledge from the general population about why people choose to represent their faith. But whose voice has the authority on this matter of the situation? Which matters more public opinion or legislation? IRead MoreThe Islamic Religion And Culture1216 Words   |  5 PagesThroughout the Islamic religion and culture, the Muslim veil has developed into a symbolic concept that cannot be easily contained under one meaning. The veil, which is also referred to as the â€Å"hijab,† is both material and conceptual. Depending on the person’s cultural beliefs an d practices, the veil is a fabric which comes in multiple forms. Despite these variations, the concept of modesty and veil is holistic. This concept has evolved into a significant hallmark of many Muslim women. However, theRead MoreEssay Visibly Muslim by Emma Tarlo881 Words   |  4 PagesVisibly muslim, an ethnography published by Emma Tarlo, portrays the visibility of British muslims through their fashion, politics and faith (Tarlo 2010). The text is constructed in a way that allows non-muslim readers to understand the culture of the muslim faith and take a look into the culture and the hardships they face in society, all through the eyes of a non-muslim British female (Tarlo 2010). Ethnicity is presented as an outlook a community has that sets them apart from the rest, either through

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Major Issues and Conflicts on Bilingual Education Free Essays

Bilingual education was first initiated in 1968. It was a new means to educate the children who spoke a minority language. thirty-one years later the same problems exist for those children who speak a language other then English. We will write a custom essay sample on The Major Issues and Conflicts on Bilingual Education or any similar topic only for you Order Now The experiment of Bilingual education has been a failure and now it†s time to move on. The first English only initiatives were brought forth in 1981 by newly elected president Reagan. Since then the conflict over Bilingual education has drove on. Currently twenty-three states have â€Å"English Only† laws with 4 states having laws that are pending. The issue of bilingual education and the conflict that surrounds it is primarily focused between whites and Hispanics, although since the mid 70†³s it†s also been involved with the Chinese and Mung cultures. Bilingual education has failed however, currently the movement is towards and English only educational system. The simple fact of the matter is that people who speak a language in this country will never get ahead. We†ve tested the ignorant notion that you could get by without speaking English; or speaking English very minimally, but that†s promoting and even more ignorant idea which is that you don†t need speak English fluently to succeed in America. In 1968 we didn†t know that Bilingual Education wouldn†t work, however, it†s time to move on and do the right thing and switch to English Only. Lyndon Johnson was president, we had the futile dream of world peace, at the same time we were â€Å"Bombing the North Vietnamese into the stone-age†. In the final year of LBJ†s presidency sever new education initives were taken as part of the last step in his â€Å"Great Society† programs. One of these new initives was Bilingual education. At the time it was supported by the Liberal whites in this country, for the most part the conservative Hispanic sect was opposed to such measures. The idea at the time was, kids would learn in their native language and simply pick up English gradually. Those ideas were radicalized in the 1970†³s however, the premise moved away from gradual learning of English; to English wasn†t really necessary. In 1981 Bilingual education came under assault from newly elected president Reagan proposed moving to the English Only system. The idea wasn†t viewed as Anti-Hispanic at the time, or as some kind of racist proposal. Reagan was adored by a majority of the Hispanic community, drawing unprecedented support among Latino voters. The issue of bigotry wasn†t brought forth until the Democrats were sent packing in Gingerich revolution of 1994. In 1999 the debate rages on another 4-5 states are preparing for an â€Å"English Only† law to go on the 2000 Election ballots. The assault on Bilingual Education will continue on. There have been several attempts to put an â€Å"English Only† amendment in to the constitution, all have failed. However, as public support for English only hits record highs an amendment maybe inevitable. The latest of the states to abolish Bilingual education was the state of California; not exactly a conservative state by any means. The controversial Prop 227 was passed by a significantly wide margin 61% to 39%. Prop. 227 was headed by Millionaire computer executive Ron Unz himself the son of immigrant parents. During the battle to pass Prop 227 Unz was called everything from a sell out to a White supremacist. The surrounding Bilingual education is now fueled by a Hispanic minority that refuse to adapt to American culture. They refuse to see the facts, Americans who do not speak English fluently have a poverty rate nearly 25% higher then Americans who speak fluent English. Their arguments are unsubstanciated, English only laws are not racist in nature. They†re attempting to create better equality a theory that you simply cannot call racist. By making children of parents who speak a minority language speak English, the people who are really benefiting are the children. By allowing children to think it†s perfectly ok to use their native languages in our society is promoting ignorance and poverty. American is run in English, twenty-four states publish all their information in nothing but English. To say that speaking another language and knowing very little English will get you anywhere in this country is stupid. Diversity is wonderful, however, it belongs in homes and not in our schools. American culture is speaking English and only English. America was formed on certain principals lad out with certain fundamental underlying assumptions, it always wasn†t possible for everyone to speak English, but the concept was that this is America and we speak English here. There are basically five arguments coming from opponents of English only education. They say it ignores our countries civil rights tradition; it fails to promote the integration of minority citizens into the American mainstream; it neglects the need for American merchants to be able to communicate with foreign markets; it restricts the ability of the Government to be able to reach all its citizens; as well as it raises constitutional concerns. The main supporters economically of Bilingual Education are the educators. The NEA and various other education groups spent nearly twice as much money trying to defeat Prop 227 in California then the groups supporting the initive spent. Why would they do this? It†s simple, MONEY, Bilingual education creates jobs for teachers and valued funding, no matter how right something is, teachers simply don†t turn against teachers. The thousands of positions bilingual education has created are now being eliminated. The only way they can preserve these jobs is by claiming that English only legislation is racially motivated and instills hostility towards minority groups who use another language other then English. I†m firmly in favor of English only. First, Bilingual education does not ignore our countries civil rights tradition. It†s simply stating that if you want to be ignorant, live in poverty, collect welfare and detract from society, that†s fine but you will do it on our terms. To say America also has a civil rights tradition is also questionable. Is this not the country where slavery was permitted for 300 years, where women couldn†t vote, and where abortions are readily available. People†s civil rights are being infringed on all the time, from a black slave to an unborn baby, there is no tradition of great civil rights in America. The second argument, it fails to provide integration of minority citizens into the mainstream is ridiculous. What†s more mainstream American a new Chinese immigrant speaking Chinese or one speaking English? The notion that allowing someone to speak a native language, is bringing them in to the mainstream is insane. Third, it doesn†t neglect the American Government from reaching it†s citizens. This is AMERICA we†re associated with English, we speak English, Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence in English, our laws are passed in English. Maybe if you can†t speak our language you don†t belong in our country. It†s also not the Government†s duty to reach out to the citizens, people are suppose to be self reliant, we don†t want the Government to reach into our lives. That†s why we had that little revolution against King George. If you really need the Government†s assistance you should reach out to them, something that would be pretty hard if you don†t speak English. Fourth, it does not neglect the ability of merchants to interact with foreign markets. We were dealing with foreigners a long time before Bilingual education and we will be doing so a long time after it†s elimination. Translators! Now that†s a noble idea, more practical then allowing 300 languages to exist. It†s also cheaper. Finally, our Constitution is written in English and since 1908 printed exclusively in English by the United States Government. Teddy Roosevelt said in 1908 that â€Å"To print the American Constitution in any other language but English, would be like spitting in the face of our forefathers†. The Untied States Supreme Court has also ruled numerous times that English only laws do not violate the 1st amendment of our Constitution. I personally believe that in our nation there needs to be a main language, not 3 or 4 or 1200. George Washington wasn†t giving orders at Valley Forge in Russian he was speaking English. Abe Lincoln didn†t give the Gettysburgh Address in Portuguese. It†s not to much to ask for every American citizen to be able to speak English fluently. No one is forced to live here, and if you refuse to adapt you probably shouldn†t be living here. If you want to speak German by all means go ahead and do so, but do it back in Germany. While you†re in America however, we speak English, and if you don†t know it you†re in trouble. The conflict is over rated. It†s not a matter of racism or of any other kind of hatred. It†s a simple matter of principle. American†s speak English it†s not to much to ask. How to cite The Major Issues and Conflicts on Bilingual Education, Papers

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Dukes of T

Dukes of T-Town Essay Dukes of T-TownYo, Balls, that sheriff is following you pretty close, how drunk are you? Chris asked me just before I looked in my rearview mirror to see if anyone was following us. I saw that a sheriff was about two city blocks behind us. Looking at my speedometer to check my speed and sure enough, I was speeding. We were going 51 in a 45 so I slowed down to give him one less reason to pull us over. All we wanted to do was get home safely without any tickets for a DUI or minor having Consumed (MHC), and my turn was just up ahead. When I got in the turning lane, I saw the sheriff take a quick turn behind me on a road that would lead to county road 116 that goes straight to the county 127 which I was turning on. So with some quick thinking we turned onto county 127 and then took an immediate right that led to another dirt road that couldnt be seen by the sheriff. Im gonna ditch this fucking pig, I said, as I turned off the lights in the Subaru that I had borrowed from my blind grandma. I was now trying to drive blind on a dirt road, and to make matters worse I was going about 65 mph. We hit big potholes; the shoulder, along with most of the road, was washboard. The road was hard enough to drive on straight while sober, let alone drunk. Holy shit this is fun as hell! Hey, Balls, that was one bad-ass party don cha think? I hear Brionne yell as I slam on my breaks to shop behind a tree on a bend in the road so that we were not visible from any road. The three of us watched with our breath held as the sheriff shined his spotlight all around, but it never made it to us. We were too far away and hidden much too well. Then he hit his other spotlights on top of his truck and they made it to about 50 yards out in front of us, but still he cant see us. During all this time, we could hear the fleas jumping off Chris nuts. Not a word was spoken, even when the lights went off and the truck pulled away. Still we were silent and still careful not to make any quick movements; half from fear of the sheriff and half from the fear of rolling into the narrow dry ditch that the car was now teetering on. With only tow wheels on the ground, it was scary to be the one in the drivers seat. By stomping on the gas, the all wheel drive gave u s the push we needed to get out of the situation. When a word was finally uttered, we all tried to figure out exactly how it was that we didnt die or end up in jail over the whole incident. But that passed in no time at all and we all grabbed out own beer and began to chug. Balls just went into the dukes of hazard mode and got the fuck out of dodge. Chris, while laughing, said to Brionne. Dont ever do that shit again, I need some toilet paper!After my Key Light had gone down my throat, and the laughter of fear and Chris stupid comment had almost stopped, all I could muster out of my mouth was Damn, that was close.

Sunday, March 22, 2020

The Necessity Of Web Pages Essays - World Wide Web, Web Design

The Necessity Of Web Pages In todays modern world, in order to reach the most amount of people, using the least amount of time and money, one must have a web page. A web page is your universal, non-misplacable, chockfull of information, business card. It can display everything that the consumer needs to know, everything from prices to products, from times to locations. In order to succeed, you need a web page. Now, in order to display all this great content that one has brewing in their brain, one MUST get a domain. A domain is the physical local where the information for the web page is stored. Some domains offer vast amounts of space but slow download speeds; whereas others offer phenomenal download speed, but no for graphics, movies or other things to spruce up a page. When choosing a domain one must consider the name that the customer must type in to get to the web page. If one registers a web page with geocities, their url, or Universal Resource Locator, which indicates the page internet location would be something like, http://www.geocities.com/joeshmoe/index.html; not exactly easy to remember is it? But if one were to have, or register, their own url then the address could be, http://www.joeshmoe.com; which is much more personal and professional. To make the site surfer-friendly one should plan out the content of the web page and make sure that it is easy to navigate. When trying to make the web page look professional and user friendly frames versus flash is always a big controversy. Some people believe that because of the higher quality of images and interaction and motion that flash provides that it is the best when considering how to improve a page. I happen to believe, however, that because frames offers the same style of navigation, but also has a much smaller download time that it is the superior option. If one now knows what format they want, one should now plan out what the content should be. If one believes that they can do no more to the plan and one believes that the page is ready to publish then it is time to learn java, html, Microsoft Frontpage?, or flash; depending on what one choose as their format. I do not recommend using a publisher, whether it be geocities or frontpage, because then the web page designer isnt learning and it is the cheap easy way out, that doesnt always get one what they want. Publish the finished page to the server so that everyone can view it, there is only one step left. Now that everything is up and running there is only one thing left to do, ADVERTISE!! The only possible way to get people to see ones web site is to tell them about it. If they do not know it is there, they will not go. There are several ways to advertise, leave your web address on the answering machine, tell friends, put it on ones business card, join a web ring (a web ring is a ring of web pages all related to each other), and/or create banners to put on other peoples sites. Banners are images and/or links that contain information about ones site and attract customers, like a magazine advertisement. This is the process for creating a web page. It is very important to create a web page to fully impact an audience and get meaning and message across.

Friday, March 6, 2020

Plan an awesome office holiday party

Plan an awesome office holiday party If you’re the one tasked with planning this year’s work holiday shindig, this is not a task to be taken lightly. After all, you’ve got a full year to go until the next one, and everyone always remembers how awesome (or how terrible) the last big party was. It’s a lot of pressure! Its also a bit of a social and professional minefield, so we’ve got the tips to help you plan the party that will keep everyone smiling until next year’s.Know your budget.Some companies go all out for their holiday parties, renting big venues and setting up ritzy food. Other companies go for a more modest affair, having it in the office or opting for a cash bar. It’s important to know up front what kind of budget you’re working with- is it a hot wings budget or a caviar budget? And this may depend on what kind of year your company had. If it wasn’t a great year and this year’s party budget is more streamlined than years past, then the idea of hiring a huge venue might be unrealistic, and the chocolate fountain may have to wait for another occasion. The important thing to remember is that you can have a fun, well-planned party no matter how much money you’re working with. It’s just a matter of setting realistic expectations.Pick the right time.On TV and in movies, holiday parties all seem to be on Christmas Eve, or shortly before. In real life, the Dance of the Out of Office Messages can often start well before the holidays start. So to maximize your holiday party crowd, pick a date earlier in December. This has the benefit of catching people before they’re holiday cheer-ed out and also feels more inclusive for whatever winter holidays people happen to celebrate.The timing on the day of the party is just as important- do you want to have it during work hours or is it more of an after-hours affair? More and more, companies are hosting their parties during the work day to make sure that employees ca n make it and don’t have conflicts. Plus it can be very difficult to book venues and catering on weekends during the holiday season, so having a party at, say, 3 p.m. on a Thursday or Friday might give you more options (and cost flexibility).Send out invites as early as you can.As soon as you’ve got a date, time, and place nailed down, send out the invite. Most company parties involve all employees, but if you’re working with a more select group (like a departmental holiday party), make sure you’re targeting your specific invite list as soon as you can. And be clear about who’s included on the invite. If it’s just employees, say so. If spouses or families are welcome, be clear about that as well.Choose your team wisely.Call it #HolidayPartySquadGoals. Make sure you have people lined up to help you, whether it’s backing you up on making venue or catering arrangements or acting as an extra pair of hands to set up on the day of. After al l, you should get to enjoy the festivities too, and you don’t need the stress of trying to do everything perfectly all by yourself.Make sure everyone’s clear on the party expectations and boundaries.Never forget that this is, above all, a work party, and everyone should still be mindful of the professional setting. If there’s going to be alcohol flowing, send out a reminder about any alcohol policies- and maybe a few links to your local rideshare companies to help make sure people get home safely. If you want to limit things like drinking up front, consider doing a cash bar or offering drink tickets (limit 2) to make sure everyone’s enjoying themselves- but not too much- while celebrating with bosses and colleagues.Come up with something fun to do.Sure, â€Å"let’s eat, drink, and celebrate the end of the year† is a fine and time-honored holiday party activity. But consider having some fun or goofy activities if you’re going for a lig hthearted or less formal party. Ugly holiday sweaters are still having a moment, so why not have a contest for the most cringe-inducing sweater? Or maybe go for a holiday cookie bake-off, letting people bring in their finest holiday treats. (It’s a win-win, because free cookies!)Set aside some time for recognition.Just about every workplace has someone who feels comfortable getting up in front of a crowd and giving a toast or quick, heartfelt speech, so this would be a good time to schedule someone to give some year-end remarks. A bit of employee appreciation goes a long way, and even if your company doesn’t do gifts or bonus checks, a few words about everyone’s hard work throughout the year is always a welcome addition to the festivities.Whether your party will be at the Plaza or in the conference room, being prepared will help ensure that you maintain your sanity and that you and your colleagues have a great time being together and celebrating another producti ve year. Happy holidays, and happy planning!

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Developing a care pathway for patients with fractured neck of femur Essay

Developing a care pathway for patients with fractured neck of femur - Essay Example The study is done in St. Vincent Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria in October 1, 1997 to November 30, 1998. It has 111 patients with 80 women and 31 men with mean age of 81 years old. They have found that a proactive multidisciplinary approach can reduce the length of stay. The study also shows that early intervention is another way to reduce the stay in the hospital therefore the risk of having complications brought about by the longer stay in the hospital has lessen. St. Vincent Hospital includes patients with language and cognitive difficulties. Since not all of their population does not speak English. They believed that the inclusion would test the efficacy of clinical pathways in the delivery of multidisciplinary care. Also during the study they found no significant clinical difference in time of mobilization or complication or readmission rates. Possible explanation includes the frequent existence of unstable and often untreated premorbid conditions in patients with fractured neck of femur, which requires attention during their acute admission. In contrast, patients undergoing elective joint replacement have the benefit of preadmission assessment clinics which may resolve expected medical, allied health or discharge issues before admission.. ( Choong , Langford, Dowsey, Santamaria 2000 ) The report of the South Tyneside health Care Trust in 2003 whi... The pathway starts at the waiting after the Triage to see the A&E doctor, which could be up to an hour since patient with these case are given low priority. Another hour of waiting for the X-ray department since they could handle one patient at a time. The next wait would be for the porter staff to come to take the patient to the X-ray Department and again, once the X-rays have been taken, another one to bring the patient back to A&E. The films had then to be interpreted by the A&E doctor, who may not have been immediately available. Once the diagnosis has been made, the orthopedic doctor on duty had to see the patient and the transfer to the ward again another wait for the porter. They want to make the pathway much easier for the patient they make a study and make necessary adjustment to lessen the waiting time. The changes were made, on arrival the patient is seen by a senior A&E nurse who has undergone appropriate training. The nurse assess the patient's need for analgesia and adm inister it according to protocol. The A&E Nurse fills out the X-ray request form and contacts the X-ray Department. The Bed Coordinator is contracted and warned of the portable need for an orthopedic bed. The patient is offered the use of a cordless telephone to contact relatives and or neighbors. The patient is taken to the X-ray department and the films taken. Once the radiographer made necessary impression the radiographer notifies the A&E. Since the patient will take only for a few minutes in the x-ray department the porters will wait for her and take the patient directly to the orthopedic ward. If no fracture is seen, the patient is returned to A&E for further assessment. The

Monday, February 3, 2020

India Under the British Raj Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

India Under the British Raj - Research Paper Example The paper makes an oversight concerning various attempts of Indians to liberate themselves from the tyrannical rule of British. Introduction Many colonialists appeared in the colonies as trade partners who wanted to foster trade relationship with a foreign country. Majority of the world colonialists originated from various European countries and spread to conquer other countries outside the continent of Europe. The ordeal of these perceived colonialists was to explore certain resources in the countries of their colonies. They were mostly interested in items like gold, ivories, skins, and some other precious items. They also targeted certain ideal reproductive lands where they could practice their commercial farming activities (Szczepanski, 2011). What was initially trade turned out to be tyrannical rule directed to the native dwellers by the foreigners. Indian British Raj is one of the vast examples of initial trade incidences turning to brutal rule and forcible transformation of cul tures and societies’ ways of life. In the views of McNamara (2011), Raj is an Indian term for king and which was used to refer to British rule in India. As used to be the common case with colonization, Indians underwent brutal treatment due from their colonizer, but also they gained in terms of civilization. Duiker (2009) mentions that British approached India subcontinent as traders who later acted to subdue every trade in and out of India. As they continued to operate and trade in India, the British started engaging in the internal politics of the country. In 1800, British deployed its armies to attack the Mughal Empire and reduce its greatness in the land (Duiker & Spielvogel). British attacked certain territories some of which were captured by the East India Company. In the view of Duiker and Spielvogel (2006) the initial territories under the East India Company were recovered by the British crows as other ware set under indirect rule of local rajas and maharajas. Duiker and Spielvogel confirm that most of the British rule in India was more with decency considering that upon their arrival they managed to quell civil wars that were among the Indians. British initiated a relative government that worked to favor and respect the rights and wishes of the local populace. British rule in India was termed by historians as honest and efficient that targeted enlightenment and education of the barbaric Indians. British administrators in India built learning centers that allowed the Indians to attain education up to some set levels. According to Duiker and Spielvogel (2006), Thomas Macaulay the head of British administration in India initiated and perfected plans of building schools, which trained Indian children. Thomas in conjunction with British civil service initiated examinations for the learners. British schools also illuminated particular concerns on training Indian girls on how they would become good wives under the wedlock of learned men of Indian. In 1875, British rule in India opened official madras for training females who became medical practitioners. Duiker and Spielvogel (2006) ascertain that British rulers brought sense of humanity in India when they disregarded certain Indian traditions that did not work to respect freedom of citizens. Furthermore, British brought into India fantastic development that included railways and telegraph for communication. The British administra

Sunday, January 26, 2020

The Negotiation Strategies In International Business Commerce Essay

The Negotiation Strategies In International Business Commerce Essay In business relationships, parties negotiate because they think they can influence the process in such a way that they can get a better deal than simply accepting or rejecting what the other party is offering. Ghauri (2003) says business negotiation is a voluntary process of give and take where both parties modify their offers and expectations in order to come closer to each other. In literature, sometimes bargaining and negotiation are used interchangeably. Negotiation, also called integrative bargaining, refers to win-win negotiation where both or all parties involved can end up with equally beneficial or attractive outcomes. In other words, everyone can win. It is more related to a problem-solving approach, where both parties involved perceive the process of negotiation as a process to find a solution to a common problem. In integrative bargaining however, if negotiations are not properly handled, both parties can end up with a jointly inferior deal. With negotiation, it is possible for both parties to achieve their objectives and one partys gain is not dependent upon the other partys concession. Business negotiation is considered by many authors as being this type of negotiation. The power/dependence relation is another basic characteristic of all negotiation processes. It is closely related to the actual power relation, which is influenced by the value of the relationship to the parties and their available alternatives. Background factors for example the market position can influence the power/dependence relation. The ability to control a relationship is related to the perceived power of two parties, their relative expertise and access to information. This power is a property of the relationship and not an attribute of the actor; in fact, it is closely related to dependence. Therefore, the power relationship is in balance if both parties perceive equal power. The power relationship is unbalanced if one of the parties perceives more power, or if one party is dependent on the other. The dramatic growth of international trade over the last five decades has been not only in terms of volume but in complexity as well. International marketers are now more and more business negotiators, who constantly discuss deals across borders with a variety of people, ranging from consumers to intermediaries and even competitors. Technology often plays a major role in such deals and this could mislead people into believing that the whole negotiation process is principally an engineers discussion based on rational and scientific facts. In fact, technical complexity intermingles with human complexity to render such negotiation processes difficult to manage. A considerable amount of literature is available on negotiations, some of it also on business negotiations but the field of international business negotiations is quite neglected. Strategic Negotiations. Richard Walton etal,1994 identify three primary negotiations strategies. These are forcing, fostering, and escape. Each represents an overarching pattern of interaction that characterizes the negotiations. A strategy does not emerge all at once, but over time as a result of consistent patterns of interaction. A forcing strategy generally involves taking a distributive or win/lose approach to the negotiations, combined with a divide and conquer approach to internal relations in the other side, and an attitudinal approach that emphasizes uncertainty and distrust. By contrast, a fostering strategy generally involves taking an integrative or win/win approach to the negotiations, combined with a consensus approach to internal relations in both sides, and an attitudinal approach that emphasizes openness and understanding. Escape is a non-negotiations strategy in which one or more parties seek to end or undercut the relationship. Dietmeyer and Kaplan (2004) use a res earch-based approach to negotiation that assists sales professionals in reaching their own business goals, while ensuring that their customers meet budget and professional objectives as well-going beyond win-win to achieve true, measurable business value for all parties at the negotiating table. Power and Diplomacy Power. Susan Strange (1998) brings out that power accrues to those who can offer or deny security; those who manage the creation of wealth by production; those who create credit to allow or deny other people to spend today and pay back tomorrow; those who (mis)manage the currency in which credit is denominated; those who have knowledge (advanced technology) which provides military superiority and dominance in other power structures. John De La Mothe (2002), argues that science, technology and innovation have long been key factors in the competitive advantage of nations. Today, however, the new international political economy is being increasingly driven by science and technology in new ways. Integration, globalization and internationalization have all become watchwords for a series of dynamic processes in which science and technology are deeply implicated. As a result, not only are the policies of national governments being exposed in terms of the limits of their sovereignty, but sci ence and technology are being increasingly implicated in a wide array of public issues ranging from security, privacy, development and economic growth to employment, environment, foreign policy and geopolitics. Clearly, in todays emerging world, the ways in which governments organize their science and technology policy, their science and technology intelligence, and their research advisory structures and resources matter more today than ever before. Diplomacy. James Rosenau was one of the first to suggest that the domestic and international are somehow linked and elaborated upon what he termed linkage politics (1969). Scholars focusing on the regional impact of domestic politics are Karl Deutsch (1957) and Ernst Haas (1958). Haas highlights two types of spillover. The first type, functional spillover, occurs when cooperation in certain sectors of the economy (or society) creates technocratic pressure for cooperation in adjoining sectors, thereby propelling integration forward. The second type, political spillover, occurs when ongoing cooperation in certain areas empowers supranational officials to act as informal political entrepreneurs in other areas. In order to manage complex technocratic issues more effectively, rational governments must delegate discretion to experts, judges and bureaucrats, thereby creating powerful new supranational actors with an interest in cooperation. Graham Allison in Essence of Decision: Explaining the Cuban Missile Crisis (1971) too, speaks of an overlap between international and domestic politics. In State Power and the Structure of International Trade, Krasner argues that that openness in the world economy is most likely to occur during periods when a hegemonic state is in its ascendancy. As long as the states technological lead is increasing, its leadership will perceive economic advantages to openness, since openness will expand markets for the products of its technologically sophisticated industries. The hegemon will also gain politically, since the opportunity costs of closure will be low, relative to those facing smaller and poorer states. Conversely, when several large, unequally developed states coexist, Krasner predicts that the more backward states will find openness economically and politically costly and will therefore resist it. Greater trade closure will, therefore, result (Keohane 1997). Like Gilpin before him, Krasner too stresses on the influence of the strength of the state on international trade. The crucial point is the correlation between what occurs withi n a state is related to what occurs beyond state boundaries. Robert Putnam in Diplomacy and Domestic Politics: The Logic of Two Level Games (1988) argues that domestic structures and diplomacy are interminably entangled and says that the negotiator is under pressure to reconcile domestic and international conflicts. Putnams work challenges the level of analysis approach to studying international relations which stresses the importance of classifying data under three clusters: the systemic, national and the individual (Singer 1961). Mayer (1991) develops a model to explore the implications of domestic political divisions for international strategic engagement in international trade. He explores the subject by treating international trade as a game and identifying the players and examining how they play. The observation that there are several overlapping games being played, a few of them being strategic and others not, is significant. Policies such as tariff, quotas, and export and production subsidies are the tools used by the players to gain a n advantage in the international strategic trade game (Krugman 1986). Work on strategic trade policy builds on game theoretical models which analyse how states use trade policies to leverage their economic performance. India and Nanotechnology (The literature survey included, amongst others, a perusal of annual reports of GOI MOD, DST, CSIR, TIFAC, CII; back issues (app 3years) of Business world, New Scientist, Hindu Businessline and Business Today. ) GOI initiatives include DST launched Nano Science and Technology Initiative (NSTI) with an allocation of Rs. 1000 crore, Government has spent approximately Rs. 250 crore, over the past five years to promote RD in the area of nanotechnology. 100 research projects on the synthesis and assembly of ceramic nanoparticles, nano tubes, nano wires, nanoporous solids, and DNA chips have been supported by the Government. CII Initiatives have resulted in; India-UK Joint Economic and Trade Cooperation, Indo-US High Technology Cooperation Group (HTCG), Nanotechnology partnership with Taiwan, a number of Nanotechnology Conclaves, Nanotechnology Cluster-CMTI, Jharkhand Nanotechnology Initiative, West Bengal Nano Park etc. CII is working closely with the Government of India on US India High-Technology Cooperation Group (HTCG) formed on November 2002. The HTCG acts to facilitate and promote bilateral high-technology trade. The focus areas of the core group include Information Technology, Defense, Life Sciences and Nanotechnology. Realising the potential of nanotechnology, HTCG working group on Nanotechnology is formed to facilitate seamless flow of knowledge between both the countries and joint development projects involving industries. The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) has put together a 10-point action plan to empower Indian industry to come out with commercial nanotechnology products, which it believes will drive the future of industry worldwide. The action plan includes awareness creation, training and skills development, technology facilitation and networking and facilitating collaborative projects. The Nano Science and Technology Consortium works to create a platform conducive for the growth, promotion and partnering in the field of Nano Science and Technology taking together industries, academics and government through consultative, advisory and educative processes which will provide growth platform for organizations, academics and governments for harnessing the Nano potential at Global level. Companies like Samsung have already entered the Indian market with a range of products using nanotechnology such as refrigerator, washing machine and air-cooler. Samsung uses nano-silver in various compositions in its product range. Further, companies like Tata Steel, Tata Chemicals, Mahindra Mahindra, Nicholas Piramal and Intel have invested around $250 million in the domestic market towards this end. Yash Nanotech has inked agreements with IIT Mumbai, NCL Pune and the Jawaharlal Nehru Centre of Advanced Research, Bangalore, to undertake global contract research and set up nanotech manufacturing facilities. Civil Applications. These can be grouped under four heads, namely, detection, including imaging, sensors and sensor networks for the detection of pathogens and chemicals; protection, including decontamination equipment and filters, and personal protection; identification, including anti-counterfeiting and authentication, forensics, quantum cryptography and the market for counterfeit and grey goods; societal impacts, including current regulatory and ethical frameworks, potential impacts on ethics and human rights, and public perception. Application in the field of medicine is one of the most fascinating areas that include new cancer therapies, drug delivery systems, and biomaterials for implants or prosthesis or diagnostic tools, which are under development or already in market. An important area of application of nanotechnology includes novel drug delivery techniques, which are quicker less risky, compared to the costs of developing new drugs. Military Applications. These also flow out from civil applications in areas like; higher performance platforms (aircraft, ships, subs, boats and satellites), enhanced sensing through more sensitive and selective sensors, enhanced human performance, information dominance through enhanced information technology, improved battlefield casualty management, lower life cycle costs with improved materials, coatings, and condition-based maintenance etc. Stake holders. The various stake holders include; governments, Industry, Entrepreneurs, RD, Institutions, Academic Research Institutions, and Society. Case Studies. These can be subdivided into those which pertain to PSUs, RD establishments and Defense and the private sector enterprises. The private sector industries which can be studied for negotiations resulting in various types of partnerships/JVs/MOUs/TOTs etc. are listed below:- Measuring devices equipments: Bharat Heavy Electrical Ltd, Icon Analytical equipment. Ltd., Veeco .Health Care: Dabur Research Foundation, Bharat Biotech International Ltd., Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd. Materials processing: Tata Chemicals, Pune. Reliance India Limited. Automobile: Mahindra Mahindra, Tata Motors, United Nanotechnologies Pvt. Ltd. Electronics: Bharat Electronics Ltd, SemIndia Systems, Samtel India.

Saturday, January 18, 2020

Vershire Porter’s Five Forces

1. Prepare an industry analysis using Porter’s 5 Forces model. What are the key determinants of Vershire’s aluminium can profitability? Explain. (20%) * Barriers to entry I would suggest that the barriers to entry are relatively high in this industry. Although there would not be huge capital requirement to enter into the aluminum cans producing business and customer-switching costs are considered to be low, the fact is that the competition in this industry is very intense. There are already many aluminium cans manufacturers exist in the market, with some large packaging manufacturers dominating the market shares.Some large beverage processors even manufacture cans themselves (one large beverage company produced one-third of its own container requirement and ranked one of the top five beverage producers in the industry). Also, three of the global aluminum supplier companies also themselves manufacture aluminum containers. Although there would be high demand in the indust ry (from both small and large breweries and soft drink bottlers), there are too many competitors that could keep new entrants out of the market. * Power of suppliers There are four global companies supplied aluminum to can producers: UC Rusal, Alcoa, Alcan, Chalco (as shown below).There are many buyers (can producers) in the market while there are only few major suppliers. In addition, aluminum is a highly differentiated product. Resources of bauxites, the raw material for aluminum, are not widespread throughout the world. The main deposit of high-quality bauxites are already dived by those main players. Therefore, whoever owns the resources ‘wins the game’. Today the ‘Big Ten’ aluminium manufacturers are: Although it can be argued that steel is one of the substitutes, aluminum has many advantages over steel: it is easier to shape and allowing more attractive packaging; it reduces the problems of flavouring and it educes the transportation costs because of its lighter weight. Therefore, there would be constant demand for aluminum because of its beneficial nature. According to the above, I would say that the power of supplier is extremely high in the aluminum can manufacture industry. * Buyer (customer) power Buyer power is relatively high in the aluminum can manufacturing industry. Their buyers are primarily the soft drink bottlers, which are small independent franchisees of Coca-Cola and Pepsi Cola. Most of these customers maintained at least two or more suppliers and spread purchases among those suppliers.Thus, in order to retain customers, division must meet customer’s cost and quality specification or its standards for delivery and service, otherwise customer would turn to another supplier. * Threat of substitutes As I have mentioned above, one of the substitutes of aluminum can is steel can. Yet there are a lot of advantages of aluminum over steel. A ton of scrap aluminum has almost three times the value of a ton of scrap steel. Other substitutes for breweries and soft drink bottlers would be plastic or glass bottle.An study conducted by the metal can industry leader, Silgan Containers, revealed that 81 percent of shoppers prefer metal cans compared to 9 percent for plastic and 6 percent for glass. In addition, Aluminum is a more attractive recycling material compare to steel, plastic or glass. A US record also showed that 56 billion aluminum cans were recycled in 2010. Aluminum never wear out, it can be recycled forever. Therefore, aluminum is still considered to be the most attractive material for the can manufacturing business. * Rivalry amongst competitorsCompetition is high in this industry in term of supplier power, customer power and number of competitors as mentioned above. Conclusion As Vershire is one of the largest manufacturers of aluminum cans in the industry, it is assumed that it has access to sufficient raw material to produce aluminum cans. They would also have large number of loyal customers but just the matters of maintaining their high level of products and on-time delivery. I would argue that the key determinants of Vershire’s aluminium can profitability would be the costs of the production. A lower costs while maintaining its quality can attract new customers.Thus, the relationship with suppliers could become critical. Vershire could renegotiate prices and develop long-term relationship with one or two suppliers. Cutting costs in purchasing can be a big saving for the company. Vershire could also improve its production efficiency to eliminate unnecessary production costs. 2. Which of Porter’s generic strategies is Vershire following? (10%) Porter claims that there are two ways of responding to the opportunities in the external environment and developing a competitive advantage, there are: cost leadership and differentiator.Veshire would most likely be a cost leader. Aluminum can itself is not a highly differentiated product. Every metal can m anufacturer produces the same kind of product. In addition, most of the customers maintain two or more suppliers. In other word, if a manufacturer failed to meet the customer’s cost and quality specification, it is very likely that the manufacturer would lose the customers. Therefore, being a cost leader is essential in this industry and it is the strategy adopted in Vershire.

Friday, January 10, 2020

Australian Society in the 1950s and 1960s Essay

During the 1950s-1960s Australia’s popular culture was heavily influenced by American culture, trends and images. The 50s and 60s was the era of Rock ‘n’ Roll, Hippies, Rebellious teenagers, and drugs. These themes were all part of America’s culture and were portrayed to the rest of the world as important elements of American culture. These important elements of culture heavily influenced the growing nation of Australia – particularly during this period. Teenagers were the prominent generation of this time, with the consumers market aimed strait at them. The 60s saw the uprising of a new generation who strived to be different from their elders. During the 1950s-1960s American artists, American themes and American styles of music dominated the Australian music scene. Australian charts were packed with foreign American hits, Australian acts rarely making it into the Australian top ten. Radio stations devoted much less time to talking so they could fit in more American music, because that is what the Australian people wanted to hear. American artists such as Elvis Presley and Bill Haley (and his band ‘The Comets’) we hugely popular in Australia and were idols for the teenagers generation. During this time, Australia’s most notorious rock ‘n’ roll singer rose to fame – Johnny O’Keefe, Heavily influenced by American rock ‘n’ roll artists. The 50s and 60s saw the birth of a new generation – hippies. Hippies were a generation mainly composed of young people, either in their teens or early twenties. A generation of ‘free spirits’, whose main goals in life was to just be one with Mother Nature and promote peace and love. Hippies were looked down upon by older people because most hippies did not seem to care much about a stable, settled-down life. Hippies were usually involved in drugs (LSD was popular) and also believed in free love. Influenced by the growing American trends of hippy culture an Australian hippy culture began to emerge. The generation of hippies sometimes formed anti-government groups. This was evident in Australia when hippy anti-Vietnam war groups and hippy anti-communist groups started to appear. Aussie hippies spent a lot of time surfing and the stereotype of an Australian hippy included a VW Kombi, painted colorfully with peace signs with surfboards in the back. Australian hippies were following many of the movements of American hippies, especially  supporting the psycadelic and folk music scenes. In the mid 1950s television was introduced into the home and became a part of typical Australian households. Television was a gateway for Australians into American culture, since most of the earliest television shows were American. The Australian public was constantly watching American ways and American trends and began to adapt to those trends because the TV shows portrayed the American way of life as ‘cool’. Actors such as Elvis Presley playing rebellious teenagers in motion pictures influenced teenagers to be rebellious, because their own idol was. Australia’s own film industries did not kick off until the mid-80s, although film was a major part of Australian culture during the 50s and 60s. Families would regularly go to the movie theatre to watch American films on a Saturday night or go to the new American inventions – drive-ins. Drive-ins at that time were a symbol of American culture, and were a popular Saturday night entertainer. The reason why Australia was so heavily influenced by America during the 1950s and 1960s is because Australia was a young country, without any real identity that had to look abroad for influence. In comparison to America and the United Kingdom, Australia was still a very undeveloped nation. John Douglass Pringle, a Scottish journalist living in Sydney in the 50s and 60s said this about Australia’s outside influences; â€Å"Some Australian nationalists find a painful irony in the circumstance that, having fought against the British influence all their lives, they have won their battle only to find that American influence has taken it’s place†. It seems as though as Australia was striving to be different from its mother country, Great Britain, it became more and more like America without even realizing. Nowadays, in our multicultural society, it is difficult to stereotype a particular country as every country now influences countries across the globe. Popular culture in mega countries such as Australia, Great Britain and America is now very similar, because many companies and trends can easily spread across the globe due to better communication, although these countries are not without an individual and unique popular culture.

Thursday, January 2, 2020

The Elizabethan Er A Standard Of Power, Authority, And...

In the Elizabethan era, there was a standard women and men had to follow. The Elizabethan society was patriarchal, meaning men were considered leaders, and the women were inferior to men. The men in Elizabethan life was to be of power, authority, and head of the their families, and above all to be obeyed. In this time wealthy men were to become courtiers, diplomen, clergymen, and lawyers. The men made the decisions and whatever decision they make women have to obey them. They were also responsible for taking care of the family while working different jobs..And they were expected to improve the positions of all members of the family through influence and patronage from wealthier people and families than their own. As for the women in this time frame they were raised to believe that they were inferior to men. Their roles in Elizabethan society was very limited, and their job was to be housewives and mothers. Women at the time were to be watched for and if she was married it would be her husband but if she was single then her father or brother. Gender conventions in Elizabethan Era is key to understand my argument about how women in Shakespeare’s plays break their gender conventions. I will be using parts from Romeo and Juliet, Othello, King Lear, and Twelfth Night, to show how women in this time period broke gender conventions. In Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet, we see that it defies most traditional gender roles in the play by allowing his characters to surpass the